Line Haul - Class Towboats
"POOL BOATS", rated
between 1,800 to just over 6,000+ horsepower as Single, Twin & Triple
Screw versions. And at onetime, did include a large "Quad Screw" in
the late 1950's. However, today there are no - Quads running, on our
inland rivers and the last one, was the = "Joe Nutt, once called the
Missouri." Generally, Line Hauler's are considered the smaller of
the largest inland workboats. Used throughout our inland rivers,
except on the smallest river systems, due to their size. You'll even
see them sometimes working on the "Gulf Inter-coastal" Canal-way too.
A man-made inland body of water, dredged out along our southern shores,
extending from Brownsville Texas, to Florida's - western coastline.
Then extending up along Florida's - Eastern coast to almost - New York
City. And over 65% of the products - we use in our daily lives, is
transported by barge in some manner. We depend on these boats - a lot
more, then most realize, yet few people understand how different these
boats - are, from the more commonly known - Tug. In Fact, towboats
are a whole different type of = Workboat!
Tap Photo To
The Ginger Cronnin -
Running "Light Boat" (
"Without Any Barges = Tow" ), headed downstream on the upper Ohio.
This boat is a twin screw with 3600 horsepower, and has a 126' hull,
built in 1993 by Jeff Boat - The Largest Inland Shipyard in the
World. Located on the upper Ohio at Jeffersonville Ind. this boat is
just one of the newer designs this builder have produced recently, with
a slightly different style from their normal designs. Such smaller
boats are designed to fit a growing need for "Mid-Sized Vessels", with
the same abilities, as larger boats .... ( Photo by Joe E. Brown )
Tap Photo To Enlarge
The Queen City
This Line Hauler has -
twin screws and its powered by a pair of V-16 "EMD" 645E2B engines,
producing 5,600 horsepower. Built by Dravo of Neville Island Pa. in
1973 and according to the IRR ( Inland River Record ), she has a hull
measuring 140' x 42' x 12' overall drafts, and has Falkland Gear
Reductions of 4.345:1 ratio, and is also equipped with Kort Nozzles.
The boat was originally named "Dixie Power" when it was owned and
operated by Dixie Carriers Inc., of Houston Texas, until it was sold in
1988. Then renamed by Midland Enterprises Inc. of Cincinnati Ohio,
whom leased the vessel to "Inland Marine Service" of Hebron, Ky., where
it continues service. Photo by Wm. Zumwalt )
LONG HAUL - Class Towboats
The Big Boys - OF PUSH
... "Are the LARGEST", rated
from 6,000+ to just over 10,500+ horsepower, built as Twin & Triple
Screws. As we said - above, these boats once included "Quad Screws"
in this class too. But sadly they were sold or scraped & gutted to be
used in other ways. So the last - Quad, was the old Joe Nutt, or
Missouri as she was originally named. And sold was sold to foreign
interests, in the early 90's and today the modern triple screw, remains
as the King Of PUSH. Often seen shoving well over 50 barges - at one
time, without any assistance on the lower Miss. And when you
consider a barge, carries 1500 tons, these boats - shove tows of
massive size. But river conditions usually restrict - tow size.
But only on rare occasions, if conditions are right and traffic allows,
do these boats = really push massive record tows!
( See Below Photos = For More Record INFO. )
Photos To Enlarge
The M/V "Cooperative
is an excellent example of a
9,000+ horse = Triple Screw. Her engines can produce far much more
horsepower, but they are turned down to save them. Built in 1981 by
St. Louis Ship, this "Long Hauler" like most of her types. works the
lower regions of the Miss. River. That means she usually stays below
points - between St. Louis & the Gulf. However, even as large as
this boat is, at 200' x 54' wide, it still only carries a maximum of 9
foot draft, to the waterline on the hull. Built to push - massive
tows, she takes much from her grandparents, like the Steamboat
Sprague. Many of that old steamboats records, still stand today, and
so-far as we know, have seldom been challenged. Tows - can reach
massive sizes - in tonnage, when you realize a single "Hopper Barge"
carries 1500 tons, fully loaded. And when numbers of barges - are
lashed together, the average sized 15 barge tow, will carry 22, 500
tons. And tows larger than this, usually between "Forty to Fifty
Barges", means the tonnage can become Monstrous. This means a its
possible to see one of these boats = shoving a whopping 60,000+ tons -
by themselves. And that's commonplace - today, whenever the rivers
allow such massive tows the space and water depth to travel our
rivers. But consider this, such massive tows, carry more then an
average size cargo ship - can haul, often well over 6 times their cargo
- In tonnage pushed = Ability! ( Photo supplied by "John R. Miller"
of Keokuk Iowa & Joe E. Brown )
Photos To Enlarge
The M/V Martha Ingram /
formerly - Dick Conerly
Built by St. Louis Ship in 1978, is a triple screw of 10,500
horsepower. This photo was taken by Joe Brown, near Ashland Ky. as
she passed headed Northbound with a tow of 30 barges. A rare site on
the upper Ohio, because this tow was an experiment to see - if one large
vessel, assisted by a smaller one, could handle 30 barges on the
upper. The smaller boat, lashed to side of the D. Conerly, was only
used when going thru Locks & Dams, where it assisted by taking half of
the tow ( 15 barges ), pushing them through, Then once the entire tow
was locked through, they were coupled together again to continue the
trip upriver. The experiment was a success, but was to costly, due to
having to haul the 2nd vessel as a "Dead Boat", alongside for only
limited use - at locks, which was wasteful expense.
NOTE - Midland was
bought-out by Ingram Barge Lines in mid - 2004, and this vessel was
refurbished by Ingram. Now she's now named the "MARTHA INGRAM" and
still running the lower Miss. River. But she's received plenty of
upgrades, and Ingram expects her to last many more years - in
service. So this vessels - life, has been updated to meet all present
day marine codes and specifications. And for a towboat built back in
1978, with 27+ years of service to her credit, she's going to be around
a whole lot longer.
Further Note - its not unusual to find vessels with well over 50+ years
of service, still in operation. ( Left to Right = 1st & 2nd Photo by
Joe E. Brown .. 3rd & 4th Photos by Anthony Van Cure at Ingram barge
Lines at Paducah Ky. )
Photos To Enlarge
The "America" (
Photos Left to Right - 1 - 2 by Wm. Zumwalt / Dan Owen's - Boat Photo
Museum & John Miller )She was
located for many years, at Winfield Mo., below Lock 25 on the Illinois
side of the upper Miss River.
Then around = Oct. of 2004. Then was towed to
Kampsville Illinois, where her new owners started converting her into a
Bed & Breakfast, combination Hotel & Dinning Establishment.
Photos to Enlarge
Towboat - EVER BUILT!
The M/V - United States is the older Sister Boat - of the America.
Both launched by St. Louis Shipbuilding in 1958 & 1959 respectively and
are considered the Largest Diesel Boats - Ever Built. Both vessels
used the same hull design and differed only in some minor differences in
where doorways and windows on their decks, were located, which is common
to find. Both were rated just over 9000+ horsepower, while the
America when launched, could according to sources, get slightly more
horsepower, because its engines were upgraded versions. Each boat
carried a total of 10 Rudders - in all, which sounds rather complex, but
isn't when you know how they work. And its commonplace to find for a
typical twin screw, to carry a total of 6 rudders - in all. So a Quad
Screw, would naturally require even more rudders, to handle her massive
power, but these boats - A Twin or Quad, steer and operate the same
way. ( Left Photo by the late "Capt. Jesse B. Marks, Master of the
boat for many years for Federal Barge Lines. Right Photo - Courtesy
of the Waterways Journal Weekly, from a report in one of its old
issues. Note - FBL was another division of St. Louis Shipbuilding &
Steel Co. and Captain Marks also was master aboard the smaller Quad
Screw - M/V Missouri. Sadly - I was just getting to know this fine
man, when he suddenly took ill and passed away. And I have always
felt a great loss, because we became fast friends and I really loved to
listen to his great stories and hear him tell about the river. The
wealth of knowledge and friendship - I lost, and his family & friends
lost, Is Deeply Missed.
Photo to Enlarge
Worlds Largest - Inland Shipyard!
Jeff boat is located on the upper - Ohio at
Jeffersonville Ind. on the same spot of the old - Howard Steamboat
Shipyards. The company is the only one remaining of the "So-Called -
Big 3" in towboat shipbuilding, which once included - Dravo & St. Louis
Ship as the other two companies. Now only Jeff boat - remains, to
carry its fine tradition, as the Largest Inland Shipbuilder in the
Photos to Enlarge
Actually this is the M/V "Miss Kay - D." with only 56 barges,
passing "Mudd Island" at Memphis on May 7th / 1981, north bound. To
the average person, this looks like a record tow, and surely would be -
to the average person. But as Impressive as this tow - Is, its
nowhere near record size and actually about average size, for towboats -
like the Miss Kay - D. Boats running below St. Louis to the Gulf of
New Orleans, where the river is much wider and deeper. Is where
these "Long Hauler's" - Roam, in a domain pretty much - all their own,
but like any river, filled with rocks, stumps, sandbars, high currents,
and a twisting narrow coarse, even a snake couldn't follow. Shoving
barges in such narrow, shallow river channels, where no-other dares
operate, this is the domain of the Towboat. Running 24/7.... Rain or
The IRR. ( Inland River
Record - book ),
says the "Miss Kay -D." was built in 1977 by Nashville Bridge Co., at
Nashville Tenn. Her hull is = 195' x 54' x carries a 12' draft. and
she's rated at 9,000 horsepower, thanks to 3 = GM - model 645E7B
engines, with Falk Gear reductions of 4.719:1 ratio. She is also
further enhanced in power, thanks to being designed and equipped with -
Kort Nozzles. And the tow she's pushing in the above photo (
Provided by Dan Owen's - "Boat Photo Museum" ) .....
See My Workboat Links - Page for more
on his photo source!
WORLDS RECORD TOW!
Tap Photos to Enlarge
May 21, 1983 up-bound at Reserve, La., with 9 loads and 73 empties, plus
the M/V DAVE CARLTON pushed - Dead Boat, your looking at the Record.
The Worlds Largest - rafted tow, heading north on the Mississippi with
the "M/V Robert A. Kyle" doin the shove'n!
The "M/V Dave
Carlton", which was the "Dead Boat", was an un-powered vessel without a
crew and being delivered upriver, thus she was counted as a barge. At
this tows - Widest Points, its 385' in width, and approximately 1800'
long, counting the Kyle's -own hull length too. One of her barges,
200' x 35' x 12 foot drafts, so you can figure her crew - had a lot of
walking to do, to check the tow. But wait a moment, "They build boats
well over 10,500+ horsepower in this class - Right! ..... "So this makes
you wonder, just how many barges one of those boats - could really
push?.... 90, or maybe 100+ barges, who knows? Since towing
companies don't do this sort of thing, anytime they like. Its hard on
the boat, the crews and pretty darn dangerous too. But still, it
makes ya wonder ...... ( Photo by Dan Owen = Boat Photo Museum ), "See
My Workboat Links Page for his web link.
The IRR = Inland River Record book ( Sold by the WJ =
Waterways Journal )..... See Workboat Links Page ).... Give the
following details on the "M/V Robert A. Kyle". Built in 1982 by St.
Louis Ship, Triple Screw with 9200 horsepower from (3) GM V-16 model
645E7B engines, and Falk Reductions of 4.535:1 ratio. Her hull is
200' x 54' x 12' drafts, and equipped with Kort Nozzles and a total of (
9 ) Rudders, meaning ( 6 ) Flanking Rudders, plus ( 3 ) Stern Rudders in
all. Operated by ( FBL ) = Federal Barge Lines of St. Louis, until
sold Dec. 1984 to Midland Enterprises Inc. of Cincinnati Ohio. Sold
June 2003 to Ingram Barge Lines, Nashville Tenn., where she continues
to operate today. Oh yeah, in case your
wondering about the "Dead Boat", here's info on it too, from the IRR
Book ...... "M/V Dave Carlton", twin screw ( 6 ) rudders,
built in 1980 by St. Louis Ship with a hull = 170' x 45' x 12' drafts,
rated 6140 Horsepower from twin GM V-16 model 465E7B engines, equipped
with Falk reductions of 4.345:1 ratio, with Kort Nozzles. Operated by
( FBL ) = Federal Barge Lines, St. Louis, until sold Dec. 1984 to
Midland Enterprises Inc. of Cincinnati Ohio. Sold June 2003 to Ingram
Barge Lines, Nashville Tenn., where she continues to service.
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